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Glossary

A sudden diminution of brain functions due to a disturbance in the blood supply, often caused by a clot.

The development of antibodies as a reaction to existing antigens, infection, or immunization.

A tube bent to form an inverted U shape, making it possible for a liquid to flow uphill without the use of a pump.

Standard Operating Procedures

Container for safe disposal of medical sharps.

See sharps disposal container

Medical device which can cause needlestick or cut injuries for healthcare workers, i.e. needles, scalpels, etc.

Safe infusion therapy describes the intravenous administration of drugs or solutions under safe conditions for patients and healthcare workers with the use of  safe products and operational procedures which prevent clinical risks.

Component or function of a medical device which prevents harmful effects for healthcare workers and patients.

Medical device with a safety mechanism which helps avoid sharps injuries. It reduces the risk of exposure with body fluids and other potentially harmful substances and enables a safe use by healthcare workers.

Also known as "blood poisoning", Septicemia is the presence of virulent microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi in the bloodstream, leading to sepsis.

Life-threatening form of sepsis which is characterized by severe hypotension (systolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg) and can lead to multiple organ dysfunction and death.

Life-threatening medical condition that is characterized by a systemic inflammatory reaction (SILS) and the presence of an infectious agent. Elements of the diagnosis of sepsis include abnormal white blood cell count, tachycardia and tachypnea.

Percutaneous wound caused by any sharp instrument used in a medical setting, such as needles, lancets, scalpels or broken glass.

See sharp medical instrument

Studio Italiano Rischio Occupazionale da HIV (Italian Study about the occupational risk of HIV).

The Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) is an information document used in the European Union which describes the properties and possible clinical use of medicinal products. 

A valve used to stop or regulate the flow of a liquid or gas through a tube.

Indication of a possible disease, deviation of a normal condition or function.

A contagious, usually sexually transmitted bacterial disease