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Glossary

Literally it means "outside the intestine." It especially refers to the administration of nutrition via the veins

Agent (bacteria, virus, or fungi) which causes disease.

A study which deals with any disturbances of body functions, caused by disease or abnormal symptoms

Post Exposure Prophylaxis

A procedure which is performed through the skin (e.g. needle puncture)

Inflammation of a vein

A measurement to classify solutions into having either acid or basic properties. The pH scale ranks from 0-14, with 7 representing neutrality. The normal range for human blood is 7.35 - 7.45.

The formation of a substance separated from a solution or a solid through a chemical reaction or diffusion.

An artificial substitute for a missing body part used for functional and/or cosmetic reasons.

Preventive measurements to avoid problems for healthcare workers, such as sharps injuries, chemical contamination, etc.

Unwanted and unexpected presence of particles in a solution.

Wear and equipment to prevent and protect healthcare workers from potentially hazardous substances.

Reaction of two materials, substances or chemicals resulting in the deterioration of the mixture.

The change of the physical appearance of a substance.

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is a treatment given immediately after possible/likely exposure to a pathogen in order to try to prevent the development of the related disease.

The term "prion" derives from the words "protein" and "infection". It describes an disease-causing agent composed of protein in an abnormal form that proliferates by inducing the normal protein to convert to the abnormal form. (Prions are held responsible for a number of degenerative brain diseases including the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, also known as "mad cow disease") in cattle and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) in humans.)

Measures for the prevention of diseases and the protection of health.

Public Services International (Global trade union federation)

Polytetrafluoroethylene, a fluoropolymer which is widely used due to its many positive characteristics: non-stickiness, non-reactiveness, strength

Local necrosis of lung tissue due to the interruption of the blood supply to the lungs.

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