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Glossary

An infectious disease caused by the penetration of sporozoan parasites into the body, transfered by mosquitoes.

Describes the blood circulation within organs in the so-called microvascular system

To derive from a single, parent cell. Often related to monoclonal antibodies - a large number of antibodies produced form a single cell

State of a severe and deteriorating disease which would very likely lead to death or has a poor prognosis. The term is most often used to characterize a type of cancer.

See sharp medical instrument

A preventable and adverse effect of care which might include an inaccurate or incomplete diagnosis or treatment of a disease, injury, syndrome, or infection. Medication errors are not necessarily harmful for the patient.

The presence of harmful micro-organisms into a sterile product.

Frequency of an illness in a defined group of people.

The number of deaths in a given period and/or location. Mortality is usually calculated as the proportion of deaths to a total population.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) also referred to as ORSA (Oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a bacterium that has developed resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics (such as methicillin and nafcillin), making the treatment of infections more difficult and therefore more dangerous. MRSA is a special concern in the hospital setting where the risks of infections are greater due to open wounds, invasive devices and weakened immune systems. 

A pathologic heartsound, e.g. during Air Embolism.

The capacity to cause changes in the genetic material of the organism

Involved in absorbtion and secretion they line cavities that are exposed to the external environment. Can be found in several parts of the body like in the mouth, the eyelids, the genital area, etc. Its main tasks are absorption and secretion.

Anything related to the myocardium (myocard is the heart muscle), the heart wall's middle layer.

An inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium)